The Society for Economic Botany
Fostering research and education on the past, present, and future uses of plants by people.
Economic Botany 2008
The 49th Annual Meeting
June 1 - June 5, 2008
Symposium: Building Upon the Legacy of Botanical Education and Traditional Knowledge
Missouri Botanical Garden
Hosted by: The Sarah P. Duke Gardens at Duke University, North Carolina Botanical Garden at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the J. C. Raulston Arboretum at North Carolina State University
A day-long symposium will focus on the diverse roles gardens currently play in botanical education. We will look at how they can become more involved in classes and programs to preserve the future of botanical knowledge and research, and how they can better communicate the importance of plants in all aspects of human activities to a wide range of audiences from university and K-12 students to life-long learners. Economic botany and ethnobotany, which underscore the relevance and vital nature of plants in the full scope of past, present, and future human activities, are a good fit for new curricula that emphasize interdisciplinary studies. We will highlight how economic botany at the interface of human-plant interactions offers opportunity for new directions and greater versatility in botanical teaching and research. A key objective of the symposium will be to put the teaching and dissemination of botanical knowledge into historical perspective, characterize the changes in university curricula and programs today, elucidate how those changes are impacting the teaching of botany, delineate the challenges we face, and discuss how botanical gardens can embrace economic botany/ethnobotany to exhibit creative leadership for breathing new life into programs that will proactively shape a secure future for botany.
Local Organizing Committee
The 49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany will be held at Duke University in Durham, NC, June 1-5, 2008. The meeting is sponsored by the Sarah P. Duke Gardens, the North Carolina Botanical Garden, and the J. C. Raulston Arboretum. Members of the local arrangements committee are Richard A. White, Peter White, Denny Werner, Robert Healy, and Mary Eubanks is the local arrangements chair.
The lead host institution will be Duke University where most of the activities will be held. Duke University currently enrolls 6,300 undergraduate and 4,500 graduate students representing almost every state and 75 foreign countries. The Sarah P. Duke Gardens, a premier public garden on 55 acres in the heart of the Duke University campus, is renowned for landscape design. Ellen Shipman, a pioneer in American landscape design, planned and directed the garden's construction. It is considered Shipman's greatest work and is recognized as a national architectural treasure. The Sarah P. Duke Gardens include the terraces, H. L. Blomquist Garden of Native Plants representing the flora of the southeastern United States, and the Culberson Asiatic Arboretum. The opening reception on Sunday night and the Distinguished Economic Botanist dinner will be held in the Sarah Duke Gardens' Doris Duke Center.
The North Carolina Botanical Garden at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a leader in southeastern native plant conservation and education. Included in its collections and displays of 7,000 accessions (2,200 species) are natural habitat gardens, an acclaimed collection of carnivorous plants, as well as culinary, economic, medicinal, and poisonous plants, and a Native American garden. Peter White, Director of the North Carolina Botanical Garden, will host an evening event in the garden and lead a field trip to the Green Swamp.
The J. C. Raulston Arboretum at North Carolina State University in Raleigh is a nationally acclaimed garden with the most diverse collection of cold hardy temperate zone plants in the southeastern United States. The 8-acre arboretum is a research and teaching garden with over 5,000 taxa from 50 countries. Denny Werner, Director of the Raulston Arboretum will host the barbecue in the arboretum and lead a field trip to White Pines Nature Preserve in Chatham County.
Registration - On-line conference registration and payment over a secure web site is through Duke University Conference Services, which will also process mailed or faxed registrations. We can accept American Express, Discover Card, Master Card, Visa, cash, check, IRI, and institutional purchase orders. Contact Conference Services point for questions regarding events and/or registrations (ConfServ@notes.duke.edu; phone 919-660-1760, Fax: 919-660-1769).
On-Campus - Campus Accomodations reservations are now closed.
The Millennium Hotel (2800 Campus Walk, Durham, NC 27705; Phone: 919-383-8575; www.millenniumhotels.com) is a full-service hotel that is relatively convenient to the Duke campus and offers shuttle service to and from campus and other places within 5 miles of the hotel for a one-time auxiliary fee.
Symposium: Building a Legacy of Botanical Education and Traditional Knowledge
Symposium speakers will put the role of gardens in botanical education and conservation into historical perspective, focus on the diverse roles gardens currently play in botanical education, and propose ways gardens can become more involved in classes and programs to preserve the future of botanical knowledge, as well as improve communication about the importance of plants in all aspects of human activities to audiences ranging from university and K-12 students to life-long learners. Economic botany and ethnobotany underscore the relevance and vital nature of plants in the full scope of past, present, and future human activities. The subject is thus a good fit for innovative curricula and programs in 21st century education that emphasize interdisciplinary approaches to education. We will highlight how economic botany at the interface of human-plant interactions offers opportunity for new directions and greater versatility in botanical teaching and research.
The morning format will include a keynote presentation by Dr. Peter Raven, President of the Missouri Botanical Garden and Engelmaan Professor of Botany at Washington University. Dr. Raven is a renowned botanist and conservationist whose leadership has made the Missouri Botanical Garden one of the world's leading centers of plant conservation. Dr. Raven, has authored over 400 articles and 16 books, including the leading botany textbook Biology of Plants, which has been published in five languages. Dr. Raven, who has served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a member of the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, and Chairman of the National Geographic Society's Committee for Research and Exploration. In 1999, Time magazine recognized Dr. Raven as one of its "Heroes of the Planet" who has done extraordinary things to preserve and protect the environment. Dr. Raven's address will be followed by Dr. Michael Balick, New York Botanical Garden Vice President and Chair of Botanical Science Research and Training. Dr. Balick will talk about how he has employed urban ethnobotany to develop innovative teaching methods that give students first-hand ethnobotanical field experience in New York City. Dr. Robert Bye, Director Emeritus of the Botanical Garden of the Institute of Biology of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and his collaborator Dr. Edelmira Linares will then provide an international perspective on botanical education. Dr. Bye's and Dr. Linares' educational programs and work with indigenous communities are an exemplar of how botanical gardens with their academic resources and conservation commitments can combine education, research, and community outreach to enhance in situ conservation and revitalize the indigenous knowledge base of native plant use. The morning session will conclude with a presentation by University of Hawaii Professor of Botany Will McClatchey. Dr. McClatchey has been instrumental in establishing the first BS degree offered in Ethnobotany in the United States. Dr. McClatchey will elaborate on the University of Hawaii's NSF-sponsored innovative "Segues to Science" initiative for enhancing undergraduate science education.
At the conclusion of the morning presentations the speakers will form a panel to address questions from the audience and facilitate discussion. There will be opportunity for members of the audience to further engage in small group dialogue at luncheon round tables led by symposium participants. The afternoon session focus will be on teaching courses in economic botany and ethnobotany, and it will be led by Dr. Gail Wagner. Five to six people who teach courses will make a 15 minute presentation of their course syllabi as a backdrop for engaging the audience in feed-back and discussion about teaching.
Round Table Lunches
PRE-MEETING FIELD TRIPS
Biocultural Diversity in the Land of the Cherokee; May 29-June 1
Meet in Asheville, NC for a 3-day field trip that starts with a drive to Joyce Kilmer Memorial Forest, an old growth 13,000-acre forest in the Southern Appalachians on May 30. This amazing forest has 450-year-old trees with a circumference greater than 20 feet. We'll spend the day talking about the cultural influences that made this forest what it is along with the unique and diverse flora of the region. After the day in Joyce Kilmer, drive to Cherokee for a Cherokee foods picnic dinner followed by a visit to the casino in the evening. The second day of the field trip will take us to Oconaluftee Indian Village, a replica of life as a Cherokee person in the 18th century. The tour will be led by Cherokee people who will discuss and demonstrate various aspects of Cherokee life including spirituality, medicine, basketry, hunting, and governance,. After a brief picnic on the mountain, we'll visit the Museum of the Cherokee Indian. Both exhibits have benefited recently from a cultural revitalization movement. In the evening, sit back and enjoy a Cherokee storyteller at dinner. On the third morning, visit 'Talking Trees', part of a Cherokee language interpretive walk in the Oconaluftee Riverside Park, travel by van to the SEB conference at Duke University.
May 29th - Participants arrive at Asheville Regional airport and catch a shuttle to the motel (group rates negotiated). A contact information sheet will be presented to each party arriving-participants will be asked to check in with Karen Hall upon arrival.
May 30th - Vans will pick participants up at 8:30 and drive to Joyce Kilmer Memorial Forest. Lunch will be provided (Box lunches in vans) for this ~3 hour drive due to arrive around lunchtime. Dr. Hall will present a walking tour of the park covering the biological/cultural history including a theory of the big trees' size related to Native American influence. After a tour of this area, we will drive back to Cherokee where we'll stay at the Pioneer motel. Dinner will be a collective cookout (included) in the picnic area associated with this motel on the banks of the Oconaluftee River. If folks wish, we'll visit the casino this evening. In addition to the gambling, there is a fine exhibit of Cherokee arts and crafts distributed throughout the attached convention center.
May 31st - Breakfast (on your own), then proceed on to the Oconaluftee Indian Village (http://www.cherokee-nc.com/oconaluftee_intro.php). This replica 18th century village is a guided walking tour through Cherokee history and culture led by Cherokee people. Following the tour, folks may either walk back through the living exhibit and talk to Cherokee people or exit the tour and walk through the Cherokee Gardens above the exhibit, designed by landscape architect Doan Ogden, but incorporating many of the plants in use by the Cherokee. Box lunches (included) will be provided at the picnic center slightly lower down this beautiful mountain. Following lunch, visit the Museum of the Cherokee Indian (www.cherokeemuseum.org), associated gift shop and Qualla Arts and Crafts, an artists' cooperative. In the evening, drive to dinner (included) at the Fryemont Inn and be treated to a presentation by a Cherokee storyteller.
June 1st - In the morning, make a brief stop at the Oconaluftee River Park. This park, situated in the middle of the River, has a series of 'talking trees'. Names of trees can be heard spoken in Cherokee and in English. After this, proceed to Duke University, stopping for lunch (on your own) on the way.
Land Use and Research History of the Duke Forest, Sunday June 1, 2-5 PM
Sturdy shoes and raingear are recommended for short walks over gentle terrain.
POST-MEETING FIELD TRIPS ON THURSDAY JUNE 5
Tobacco: The Plant the Built Durham (and Duke), June 5, 9AM-1PM
During the last quarter of the 19th century, Durham was one of the fastest growing and most prosperous cities in the South. Its economy was based on the growing, selling and manufacture of Carolina Gold, the mild, flue cured tobacco characteristic of the North Carolina and Virginia Piedmont. The most powerful of all the families associated with the tobacco industry was the Dukes, who at one time controlled 90 percent of the U.S. cigarette market. This tour drives through Durham's old downtown, where the now closed tobacco factories show new life as apartments and offices. We spend the morning at Duke Homestead, a North Carolina Historic Site, which includes the Duke's 1870s tobacco farm and a museum on the history of tobacco and the tobacco industry. Finish with a picnic lunch at the Homestead.
SEEDS, Inc., June 5, 9:30 AM-12:30 PM
Come and see how a local nonprofit teaches gardening and food practices.
White Pines Nature Preserve, June 5, 8 AM-2:30 PM
The 258-acre White Pines Nature Preserve is at the confluence of the Deep River and Rocky River in Chatham County, North Carolina. It is home to federally endangered plant and fish species and is the most biologically significant property of the Triangle Land Conservancy. The preserve has several stands of white pines, a tree normally found in the cooler climate of the mountains. Some are over 150 years old and more than 30 inches in diameter. The forest is also host to the Catawba rhododendron, 200-year-old beech trees, many wild flowers, and 55 species of birds. It will take one hour to drive from Duke to the site. We will stop for lunch in Pittsboro and arrive back at Duke around 2:30.
Organic Farm Tour, June 5, 8:00 AM-5:00 PM
The tour includes stops at two farms and a biofuels facility. The first stop will be at Peregrine Farms, a small 5-acre farm that grows a wide variety of vegetables and flowers. Owners Alex and Betsy Hitt were awarded the Patrick Madden national sustainable agriculture farmers of the year award in 2006 representing the southern region. From Debbie Roos' Growing Small Farms website… "When they began farming in 1981, the Hitts cultivated five acres and set a goal of going smaller without sacrificing income. Over the years, they have reduced acreage and labor by improving their soil with cover crops, concentrating on high-value crops that grow well in the area, and direct marketing through the Carrboro Farmers' Market and Weaver Street Market, a cooperative grocery store. Each acre returns a minimum of $20,000 annually, while four high-tunnel greenhouses bring in at least $1,000 per crop. The Hitts embrace their small scale, growing 80 varieties of 23 vegetables along with 164 varieties of cut flowers on just three acres. Betsy, who concentrates on the flower half of the farm, says Canterbury Bells and lisianthus draw the most customers due to their clear bright colors and long vase life."
We will also visit the site of Piedmont Biofuels Industrial. Piedmont Biofuels' mission is to lead the grassroots sustainability movement in North Carolina by using and encouraging the use of clean, renewable biofuels. The organization offers a variety of valuable services to the community: they produce and sell 100% biodiesel fuel to members throughout the Triangle region. They also design and build biodiesel reactors for clients across the U.S. Piedmont Biofuels' staffers created the biodiesel program at the Pittsboro campus of Central Carolina Community College, where students can learn about all aspects of biodiesel production. Piedmont Biofuels' staff also travels around the country lecturing to groups interested in renewable energy. In the fall of 2006, Piedmont Biofuels opened up their new commercial biodiesel plant with the capacity to produce one million gallons of biodiesel. Their goal is to be able to produce/collect feedstocks from within 100 miles of Pittsboro, and to distribute the fuel out to that same 100 miles. Piedmont Biofuels Industrial is one of the demonstration sites for a Pollinator Conservation and Biodiversity project led by Chatham County extension agent Debbie Roos. We will see how the Piedmont Biofuels lawn was replaced with mostly native plants that attract pollinators. We will also hear about the area's thriving organic agriculture community from Debbie, who has one national awards for her website (http://www.growingsmallfarms.org) and her outreach and support of the producers.
Green Swamp Preserve, June 5, 8:00 AM-5:00 PM
Easy hike in gentle terrain.
POST-MEETING EDUCATIONAL WORKSHOPS
Google Earth for Ethnobotanists, Thursday June 5, 9:30-11:30 AM
Dr. Kim Bridges, Department of Botany, University of Hawaii, will lead this workshop in cooperation with the Duke University Office of Information Technology in the OIT teaching classroom. The workshop will be a hands-on experience with Google Earth. Demonstrations and exercises start with the basic features of Google Earth and extend to a variety of tasks that are helpful to ethnobotanists.
Ethnobotanical Laboratory Activities, Thursday June 5, 1:00 - 4:00 PM
The workshop will provide participants with an opportunity to learn hands-on teaching techniques that can be coordinated directly into their classrooms. Participants will have the option of rotating through interactive teaching technique stations where they will leave the station with the ability, and in some cases materials, to apply the technique in the classroom. For example, one station might demonstrate how to use a talking book in the field with illiterate children to introduce them to medicinal plants common in their area. The station coordinator would then aid the group in assembling their own individual books, so they understand how to employ the technique in their own educational setting. Another station might show participants an interactive technique to introduce the theory or Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) to their students.
Station coordinators will be competitively selected to present a technique that would work with students from the K-12 to the graduate educational level. Criteria for selection to present a station will be based on usefulness of technique to given audience, applicability to ethnobotany, and feasibility to present and demonstrate technique in 45 minutes. Participants will rotate through each of the 5 stations. Each coordinator will have approximately 45 minutes with each group of participants as they rotate throughout the stations. To learn more about this workshop or if you are interested in being a station coordinator, please contact Dr. Lyons.